TLD or Top Level Domain is the last section of an internet domain name, located after the last dot. Examples: .com .co.ke .coffee or the new .africa

The number of websites created by and hosted in Africa still lacks behind other regions of the world. While internet penetration keeps reaching new heights every day, we often see things from a content consumer’s perspective and not really from a content creator’s point of view.

The following data indicates that Africa is not registering as many websites as it should, the numbers are pretty insignificant compared to the rest of the world.

However, they keep rising every year.

Lets dive into the numbers and try to understand African hosting and website.

This article is based on the 2016 African Domain Name System Market Study conducted by ICANN and published on the 6th of June 2017.

2. African gTLD and ccTLD registrations

As of May 2017 a total of just over 3.5 million domains were active under the African ccTLDs (Country Code Top Level Domains), however the number of African ccTLD domains has increased by 21% over the period of November ‘16 to May ‘17. There are about 1.4 million gTLDs (Generic Top Level Domains) registered by African entities, thats approximately 1% of all registered gTLD domains, the bulk of which approximately 1.2 million .COM domains.

3. A cost issue

Research indicates that high access costs, the lack of infrastructure and the fact that African Internet access is primarily via mobile devices results in a lower demand for domain names. In most African countries, respondents to the research cite high prices and a lack of infrastructure as the biggest barrier to the development of the DNS market.

5. The impact of Local Hosting

Domain name registration by African entities takes place mainly in countries where the local hosting industry and web development sector has developed sufficiently to create demand for local domains, mostly in South Africa, Egypt, Mauritius, Nigeria, Kenya, Zimbabwe, Uganda, Tunisia and Morocco. The research also confirmed zero or low levels of local hosting in a significant majority of countries in the region: 41 countries hosted over 95% of their gTLD domains outside Africa.

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About the author

Afryk is a digital design, media and hosting company, with a suite of "Software As A Service" products targeting Africa and its diaspora. We design sustainable products made in Africa for Africa.

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